Schooling and Education
It is commonly believed in United States that school is where people go to get an education. Nevertheless（然而，不过）, it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.
Education is much more open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. Education knows no bounds（教育被认为是没有界限的）. It can take place anywhere, whether in the shower or in the job, whether in a kitchen or on a tractor. It includes both the formal learning that takes place in schools and the whole universe（整个世界）
of informal learning. The agents(代理) of education can range from a revered (尊敬的)grandparent to the people debating politics on the radio, from a child to a distinguished(著名的) scientist. Whereas schooling has a certain predictability(可预言的), education quite often produces surprises. A chance conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is known of other religions. People are engaged in education from infancy on. Education, then, is a very broad, inclusive term. It is a lifelong process, a process that starts long before the start of school, and one that should be an integral part of one’s entire life.
Schooling, on the other hand, is a specific, formalized process, whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next. Throughout a country, children arrive at school at approximately the same time, take assigned seats, are taught by an adult, use similar textbooks, do homework, take exams, and so on. The slices of reality that are to be learned(所要学习的本质上是。。), whether they are the alphabet or an understanding of the working of government, have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example, high school students know that there not likely to find out in their classes the truth about political problems in their communities(举个例子，高年级学生知道在他们的课堂中不太可能会涉及到他们政党中存在的政治问题的真相) or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the formalized process of schooling.(在这种正式的学校教学过程中有明确的周边环境
The Definition of “Price”
Prices determine how resources are to be used.(价格决定多少资源被使用) They are also the means by which products and services that are in limited supply are rationed among buyers.(它们也是有限的产品和服务在购买者之间按比例分配的依据) The price system of the United States is a complex network composed of the prices of all the products bought and sold in the economy as well as those of a myriad of(无数的) services, including labor, professional, transportation, and public-utility services. The interrelationships of all these prices make up the “system” of prices. The price of any particular product or service is linked to a broad, complicated system of prices in which everything seems to depend more or less upon everything else.
If one were to ask a group of randomly selected individuals to define “price”, many would
reply that price is an amount of money paid by the buyer to the seller of a product or service or, in other words that price is the money values of a product or service as agreed upon in a market transaction. This definition is, of course, valid as far as it goes. For a complete understanding of a price in any particular transaction, much more than the amount of money involved must be known. (为了在任一个特定的交易中透彻地了解价格的含义，需要了解除钱的数量之外所涉及的更多内容) Both the buyer and the seller should be familiar with not only the money amount, but with the amount and quality of the product or service to be exchanged, the time and place at which the exchange will take place and payment will be made, the form of money to be used, the credit terms and discounts(折扣) that apply to the transaction, guarantees on the product or service, delivery terms, return privileges(特权，特别待遇), and other factors. In other words, both buyer and seller should be fully aware of all the factors that comprise the total “package” being exchanged for the asked-for amount of money in order that they may evaluate a given price. (换句话说，为了能够评估一个给定的价格，买者和卖者都应该完全清楚组成这个总的“包裹”的所有因素，这个总的“包裹”是用来和标定的钱数来交换的)
The modern age is an age of electricity. People are so used to electric lights, radio, televisions, and telephones that it is hard to imagine what life would be like without them. When there is a power failure, people grope(摸索) about in flickering candlelight, cars hesitate in the streets because there are no traffic lights to guide them, and food spoils(损坏，宠坏，弄糟) in silent refrigerators.
Yet, people began to understand how electricity works only a little more than two centuries ago. Nature has apparently been experimenting in this field for million of years. Scientists are discovering more and more that the living world may hold many interesting secrets of electricity that could benefit humanity.
All living cell send out tiny pulses(脉冲) of electricity. As the heart beats, it sends out pulses of record; they form an electrocardiogram, which a doctor can study to determine how well the heart is working. The brain, too, sends out brain waves of electricity, which can be recorded in an electroencephalogram. The electric currents generated by most living cells are extremely small ? often so small that sensitive instruments are needed to record them. But in some animals, certain muscle cells have become so specialized as electrical generators that they do not work as muscle cells at all.(但是一些动物它们特定的肌肉细胞已经变得和发电机一样，但是发电机的工作原理和它们完全不一样) When large numbers of these cell are linked together, the effects can be astonishing.
The electric eel is an amazing storage battery. It can seed a jolt of as much as eight hundred volts of electricity through the water in which it live. ( An electric house current is only one hundred twenty volts.) As many as four-fifths of all the cells i
n the electric eel’s body are specialized for generating electricity, and the strength of the shock it can deliver corresponds roughly to length of its body
Television-----the most pervasive（弥漫性的，渗透性的）
and persuasive(有说服力的，使人信服的) of modern technologies, marked by rapid change and growth-is moving into a new era, an era of extraordinary（非凡的）
sophistication and versatility(多功能性), which promises to reshape our lives and our world. It is an electronic revolution of sorts(各种各样的), made possible by the marriage of television and computer technologies.
The word "television", derived from its Greek (tele: distant) and Latin (visio: sight) roots, can literally be interpreted as sight from a distance. Very simply put, it works in this way: through a sophisticated system of electronics, television provides the capability of converting an image (focused on a special photoconductive plate within a camera) into electronic impulses(刺激，推动力), which can be sent through a wire or cable. These impulses, when fed into a receiver (television set), can then be electronically reconstituted into that same image.
Television is more than just an electronic system, however. It is a means of expression, as well as a vehicle for communication, and as such becomes a powerful tool for reaching other human beings.
The field of television can be divided into two categories determined by its means of transmission. First, there is broadcast television, which reaches the masses through broad-based airwave transmission of television signals. Second, there is nonbroadcast television, which provides for the needs of individuals or specific interest groups through controlled transmission techniques.
Traditionally, television has been a medium of the masses. We are most familiar with broadcast television because it has been with us for about thirty-seven years in a form similar to what exists today. During those years, it has been controlled, for the most part, by the broadcast networks, ABC, NBC, and CBS, who have been the major purveyors(承办商)of news, information, and entertainment. These giants of broadcasting have actually shaped not only television but our perception(感觉) of it as well. We have come to look upon the picture tube as a source of entertainment, placing our role in this dynamic medium as the passive viewer.(我们作为被动的观众把我们的角色溶入这种动态的媒体，我们已经开始把显像管看做一种娱乐的资源。)
Good morning. Good morning, John. (早晨好，约翰。) Good morning, mom. (早晨好，妈妈。) 闹钟响了吗?
Did the alarm clock go off? *go off 是闹钟“响”的意思。
Did the alarm clock buzz? Did the alarm clock ring?
It"s time to get up! It"s time to get up! (该起床了!) I don"t wanna get up. (我真不想起。) It"s time to wake up! It"s time to get out of bed. It"s time to get ready. 快点儿起床!
Get up soon. Get up soon. (快点儿起床!) I don"t want to. (我真不想起。) 你醒了吗?
Are you awake? *get up 是动词，表示“起床”、“起”的动作。awake 是形容词，表示“醒了”、“没睡”的状态。
Are you awake? (你醒了吗?) I am now. (我刚醒。)
Are you feeling sick? Are you feeling sick? (你不舒服吗?) No, I"m just tired. (没有，只是有点儿累。) 睡得好吗?
Did you sleep well? Did you sleep well? (睡得好吗?) Yes, I slept very well. (嗯，睡得挺好。)
Did you sleep well? (睡得好吗?) No, I couldn"t fall asleep. (哪儿啊，几乎没睡着。) 能帮我关掉闹钟吗? Would you turn off the alarm clock? *turn off 的原意是“关”，多用于收音机、电视、照明等类的东西。虽然现在有许多东西无需用按钮开关，但一般也用 turn off 表示。
Please turn off the alarm clock. (请把闹钟关了。)
You finally got up. You finally got up. (你终于起来了。) I"m still sleepy. (我还困着呢!)
It"s a nice day! It"s a nice day! (今天是个好天!) It sure is. (是不错啊。) It"s a beautiful day! It"s a wonderful day! It"s a great day! 昨晚你熬夜了?
Did you stay up late last night? *stay up late“睡得晚”、“熬夜”。
Did you go to bed late last night?
Let"s fold up the futon. *fold 意为“折叠”，fold up 意为“叠好”、“叠整齐”；futon 原本是日文，现在英文中也逐渐使用，意为“被子”。
Let"s put the futon away. (把被子收起来吧。)
You were snoring last night. *snore“打呼噜”。
You were snoring last night. (昨天晚上你打呼噜了。) Did I keep you up? (影响你睡觉了吗?) You were sawing logs last night. *saw logs 原意为“锯木头”，在此用来表示“打呼噜”。
I had a nightmare. I had a nightmare. (我做了个可怕的梦。) It"s all right now. (现在没事了。)
You left the light on. *left (leave)是“保持某种样子”、“保持某种状态”的意思，表达“电灯一直开着”、“发动机一直开着”、“窗户一直开着”也可以用这种句型。
You forgot to turn off the light. (你忘了关灯了。) 我得洗脸了。
I have to go wash my face. *go wash 是 go 和 wash 两个动词连用，口语中常用。可以把它看作是 go and wash 的缩略形式。
It"s time to eat breakfast. It"s time to have breakfast.
I"m still sleepy. I"m still drowsy.
I"m still yawning.
I have a hangover.
I"m a night person. *“早上起不来”的意思。
I"m a night person. (我是个夜猫子。) I"m not. (我可不是。) I"m a morning person. (我喜欢早起。)
Coffee wakes me up. Coffee gets me going.
Did you brush your teeth? Have you brushed your teeth?
I have to comb my hair.
What should I wear? What should I wear? (穿什么好呢?) The red one. (穿红的吧!) Which dress should I wear? Which one should I wear? What should I put on?
Hurry up and get dressed. Hurry up and get dressed. (快换衣服。) Why? (干嘛?) 把睡衣收好。
Put those pajamas away! Put those pajamas away! (把睡衣收好。) Oh, I"m washing those. (啊，我正要洗呢。)
I"m leaving. Bye mom! I"m leaving. Bye mom! (我走了。妈妈再见!) Study hard. (好好学习啊!) I"ll see you when I get back. I"m taking off now. See you. See you later.
Let"s play hooky today! *play hooky 为俚语“逃学”。
Let"s play hooky today! (今天我们逃学吧。) Yeah, let"s. (好哇，走吧!)
You"re wearing your sweater inside out. You have your sweater on inside out.
It"s upside down.
Don"t forget to take out the garbage. Don"t forget to take out the garbage. (可别忘了扔垃圾!) I won"t. (忘不了!)
It"s your turn to take out the garbage. *garbage 也可以用 trash 和 rubbish 替代。
What are you doing today? What are you doing today? (今天你们干嘛?) We"re having a track and field meet. (今天我们开运动会。) 你快点儿，我们该迟到了。
If you don"t hurry, we"ll be late. If you don"t hurry, we"ll be late. (你快点儿，我们该迟到了!) Okay, Okay. (知道了，知道了。) Hurry up or we"ll be late.
Hurry or you"ll be late for school. Hurry or you"ll be late for school. (快点儿，上学该迟到了。) What time is it? (现在几点?)
Did you lock the door? Have you locked the door?
Aren"t you forgetting something? Aren"t you forgetting something? (没忘了什么东西吧?) I don"t think so. (我想没有。)
都已经 8 点了!
It"s already 8:00. It"s 8:00 already. 我晚了!
I"m late! I"m late! (我晚了!) Hurry up! (快点儿吧!) 我得赶紧走!
I have to rush! I have to hurry (up)! I have to get going!
I have to get moving. 你今天会回来得晚吗?
Are you gonna be late today? Are you gonna be late today? (你今天会回来得晚吗?) No, I"ll be home at the usual time. (不，和平常一样。)
What time are you coming home? What time are you coming home? (几点回来?) Around seven o"clock. (大概 7 点左右吧。)
Have you got your lunch box? Have you got your lunch box? (饭盒带了吗?) Yes, right here. (嗯，带了。)
It might rain today. It might rain today. (今天好像要下雨。) Take your umbrella with you. (带上伞吧!)
Don"t forget to lock the door when you leave.
I"m home. I"m home. (我回来了。) Welcome back. (你回来了。) I"m back!
Welcome home! Welcome back!
Did you have a good time?
How did it go today? How was your day?
Can I go out to play? Can I go out to play? (我可以出去玩儿会儿吗?) After you finish your homework. (写完作业再去吧。) 我饿了。
I"m hungry. I"m hungry. (我饿了。) We have some snacks. (吃点儿点心吧。)
Where are the snacks?
Where are the snacks? (点心在哪儿?) They"re in the cupboard. (在碗橱里。)
I"m going to cram school now. *cram 意为“填鸭式补习”。
I"m going to cram school now. (我去补习学校了啊。) Call when you finish. (下课后来个电话。)
May I have my allowance? May I have my allowance? (能给我点儿零花钱吗?) What do you want to buy? (你要买什么呀?) 真累啊!
I"m tired. I"m exhausted. (我精疲力尽了) I"m pooped. *俚语
What would you like for dinner? What would you like for dinner? (晚饭你想吃什么?) How about steak? (吃牛排怎么样?) What do you want for dinner? (晚饭吃什么?) What do you want to eat for dinner? (晚饭你想吃点什么?) 你能帮我准备餐具吗?
Would you help me set the table? *set the table 是将刀、叉和杯子在桌子上摆好，准备吃饭的意思。
Would you help me set the table? (你能帮我准备餐具吗?) I"d be happy to. (乐意之至。) Help me set up the table, will you? (你能帮我把餐具摆好吗?)
What should I make for dinner? What should I whip up for dinner? What should I cook for dinner? What should I fix for dinner?
It"s good to be home. There"s no place like home. *意为“哪儿也没有自己家好”，是句常用的谚语。
It feels so good to be home. 你能不能赶紧去趟商店?
Would you run to the store? *不见得是“跑着去”，在这儿是“快点儿去”的意思。
Would you run to the store? (你能不能快点儿去趟商店?) In just a minute. (稍等一下。)
The bath is ready. It"s been a long day. (今天真累呀!) The bath is ready. (洗澡水烧好了。) 我要冲个澡。
I"m taking a shower. I"m going to take a shower.
Is dinner ready? Is dinner ready? (晚饭好了吗?) Not yet. (还没呢。) Is it time for dinner yet? (该吃晚饭了吧?) Have you made dinner? (晚饭做好了吗?)
Mom, what"s for dinner tonight? Mom, what did you make for dinner? Mom, what did you fix for dinner?
What"s for dinner? What"s for dinner? (晚饭吃什么?) Salisbury steak. (吃汉堡肉饼。) Great! (太棒了。)
Today, we"re having curry. We"re having curry today. 还要多久才能做好呀?
How soon can you get it ready? How soon can you get it ready? (还要多久才能做好呀?) In about five more minutes. (再有 5 分钟吧。) When will it be ready? How soon will it be done?
Let"s eat. Shall we begin? (可以吃了吗?)
Please go ahead. Please help yourself.
This knife cuts well, doesn"t it? This knife cuts well, doesn"t it? (这刀挺好使的，是不是?) It sure does. (真挺快的。)
The water is boiling! The water is boiling! (水开啦!) O.K. (知道啦!)
Come and get it! *这句直译为“来端菜!”it 是指“做好了的饭菜”，全句的意思是“饭做好了，来吃吧!”。是母亲常说的话。
It"s time for dinner! (该吃晚饭啦!)
Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner is ready! (早饭/午饭/晚饭好了啊!)
It"s time to eat. It"s time to eat. (该吃饭啦!) Finally. (终于吃上饭喽!)
I"m coming. I"ll be right there. (我马上就去。) I"m on my way.
Did you wash your hands well? Did you wash your hands well? (手洗干净了吗?) Yes. (洗干净了。)
Don"t spill it! Don"t tip it over.
Eat all of your vegetables. Finish your vegetables. Finish up your vegetables.
Finish up your plate. Finish up your plate. (把碗里的饭吃干净。) I"m trying to. (这不吃着呢嘛。)
I don"t like asparagus. I don"t like asparagus. (我不喜欢吃芦笋。) Don"t be picky. (不许挑食。)
It was very delicious. Thank you. It was a wonderful dinner. (谢谢您丰盛的晚餐。)
Would you clear the table? Would you put the dishes away?
Do the dishes! *最好就这样记住。
Do the dishes! (把盘子洗了。) I will. (就去洗。) Do the dishes! (把盘子洗了。) It"s not my turn. (今天不该我洗。) Wash the dishes!
I"ll dry the dishes. *dry 是“使……干”、“除去水气”和“擦”的意思。
What are you doing? *口语中一般发成“What"re you doing?”
I"m watching TV. *注意在这种情况下，TV 前不加 the。
Are there any good programs on TV? Are there any good programs on TV? (有什么好看的节目吗?) No, not today. (没有，今天没什么好看的。)
Nomo is on TV. 8 频道演什么呢?
What"s on Channel 8?
Would you change the channel? Would you switch the channel? Would you change the station?
I want to watch more TV. I want to watch more TV. (我还想看电视。) You"ve watched enough for tonight. (今晚你看得够多的了。) 铺床吧。
Let"s spread out the futon. *spread 意为“铺开”。
Let"s get the futon out. (把被子拿出来吧。)
I"m sleepy. I"m sleepy. (我困了。) Why don"t you take a nap? (你干嘛不睡午觉?) I"m drowsy. *drowsy 是表示困得睁不开眼。
Did you do your homework? Did you finish your homework?
Study hard. Study hard. (好好学习。) I am. (好好学着呢。) 快点睡觉。
Hurry up and go to sleep.
Enough with your video games. Enough with your video games. (游戏玩够了吧。) I can"t quit now. (正好玩着呢。) 一定要刷牙噢。
Make sure you brush your teeth. Make sure you brush your teeth. (一定要刷牙噢。) I will. (一定刷。)
Are you ready for tomorrow? Are you ready for tomorrow? (明天的东西都准备好了吗?) No, not yet. (没有，还没准备好呢。)
I"m going to take a bath. I"m going to take a bath. (我去洗个澡。) Make sure you wash up well. (好好洗洗啊。)
Time to go to sleep. Time to go to sleep. (该睡觉了。) Just a minute. (再等一下。)
You left the TV on. You left the TV on. (电视还开着呢。) Sorry about that. (对不起，我忘了关。) You forgot to turn the TV off. (你忘了关电视啦。) 别把你的东西都摊在这儿。
Don"t leave your stuff here. Don"t leave your stuff here. (别把你的东西都摊在这儿。) I won"t. (知道了。)
把闹钟定在 8 点了。
I set the alarm clock for 8:00. I set it for 8:00.
明天 7 点叫醒我。
Wake me up at seven tomorrow. Wake me up at seven tomorrow. (明天 7 点叫醒我。) Sure thing. (知道了。)
Good night. Good night. (晚安。) Sweet dreams. (做个好梦。) 做个好梦。
Sweet dreams! *该句和 Good night!一起用于就寝前。一般人均可使用，特别多用于父母对子女。
Sweet dreams! (做个好梦。) Don"t let the bedbugs bite. (晚安。) *bedbugs “臭虫”，直译是“别让臭虫咬了。”但现在没有这种意思，只是睡觉前常用的表达方式之一。
Have pleasant dreams.
I want to take a nap. I want to take a nap. (我真想睡个午觉。)
But you just woke up. (你不是刚刚起来吗?) I want to take a catnap. *catnap “打盹”、“小睡一下儿”。
I"d like to lie down for a while. (我想躺会儿。)
I"m going to lie down. *用于稍感疲劳的时候。
I"m going to take a rest. (我休息一会儿。)
You"re pretending to be asleep. You"re just pretending that you"re asleep. You"re not really asleep. (你其实没睡吧!) I know you"re still awake. (我知道你还没睡。)
Were you sleeping? Were you asleep? 没有，还没睡呢。
No, I was awake.
Will you change the baby"s diaper? *diaper“尿布”。
Will you change the baby"s diaper? (你能给孩子换块尿布吗?) Again? (又要换呀?) Will you change the baby"s diaper? (你能给孩子换块尿布吗?) I just changed it ten minutes ago. (10 分钟前我刚换过的。) 想尿尿吗?
Do you need to pee? *主要对小孩子用。
It"s time to go wee-wee. *主要对小孩子用。
It"s time to go pee-pee. *对儿童用 wee 和 pee，对婴幼儿用重叠 wee-wee 和 pee-pee 的形式表示“小便”。
Peekaboo! (蒙一儿。) Do it again. (再来一次。)
Let"s play catch. Let"s play catch. (我们来投球吧。) Great! (好呀!) Let"s play ball.
The water is leaking. The pipe is leaking. (水管漏了。)
It"s so dusty. *dusty“到处都是灰尘”、“沾满尘土”。
It"s so dusty. (都是灰啊!) I didn"t notice. (我倒没注意。) It needs to be dusted. (得扫扫了。)
It"s stuffy in this room. *stuffy 房间等地方“通风不好”、“憋闷得慌”。
The air is thick. (这里真闷。) I can"t breathe in this room. (这屋让人喘不过气来。) The air is dense. (空气混浊。)
It"s drafty in this room. *drafty “有穿堂风的”。
Will you feed the dog? *feed “喂食”。
Please give the dog some food.
Will you take the dog for a walk?
Take care of my brother and sister. Take care of my brother and sister. (帮我照看一下弟弟和妹妹。) You bet. (放心吧。) 请(给植物)浇点水。
Please water the plants. *water 在这里是动词“浇水，洒水”。
Can I help? (要我帮忙吗?) Yes, please water the plants. (好吧，请帮我给花浇浇水。)
What a mess! *母亲看到孩子们的房间时常说的一句话。
Look at the mess! What a pigsty! * 含有脏得像个猪窝的语气。
Help me. Help me. (帮帮我吧。) What do you want me to do? (我能帮你做什么呢?)
Clean up your room. Clean up your room. (把你的屋子收拾收拾。) But I"m watching TV now. (可我正在看电视呢。) Straighten up your room. Tidy up the room.
Help me clean up the house.
We"re out of dish detergent. *“洗衣粉”是 laundry detergent。
We"re out of dish detergent. (洗涤灵用完啦。) I"ll go get more. (那我去买一瓶。)
Would you put up the clothes to dry? *put up 是“向上挂”的意思，但在这里表示“晾衣服”。
Will you help me fold up the clothes? *fold up“叠整齐”。
Please sweep the floor. *sweep“扫”、“打扫”。
Please scrub the sink. *“洗”一般用动词 wash 和 clean 来表示，但是“使劲搓洗”这一动作，用 scrub 表示最合适。
I have to vacuum my room. *vacuum“用吸尘器打扫”。
Please dust the shelves. *dust“掸土”。
Please wipe the shelves. (请擦一擦柜子。)
Please mop the floor.
Will you iron the shirt?
I have to iron my skirt. *iron 不仅是名词，它还可以用作动词“熨”。
Let"s go grocery shopping. We need more milk. (还得再买点牛奶。) Let"s go grocery shopping. (那我们去超市买吧。)
The park was crowded. The park was filled with people.
Can you baby-sit tonight? *baby-sit“父母不在时帮忙照顾孩子”。
Can you baby-sit tonight? (今晚能帮我照看一下孩子吗?) Sure I can. (当然可以。)
This is for you. This is for you. (这是送给你的。) That"s very nice of you. (太谢谢你啦。) Here"s something for you. I got this for you.
This is your share. *share“(一个一个分开的)分成的份儿，分开”。
This is your portion. This is your part. This portion is for you.
What do you want for your birthday? What do you want for your birthday? (过生日想要什么礼物?) I want gloves. (我想要副手套。) 噢，来喽!
Here you are! (请收下。) Here you have it!
I usually work out after work. *work out“训练，运动”。
I usually go to the gym after work. I usually exercise after work.
I"ve started jogging. I"ve started jogging. (我开始慢跑锻炼。) Since when? (什么时候开始的?)
I quit smoking. *quit“辞职，改变习惯”。
No, thanks. I quit smoking. (不，谢谢，我已经戒了。) Good for you. (你真伟大。) I stopped smoking. I don"t smoke anymore. I"ve become a non-smoker. I no longer smoke.
Do you dream often? Do you often have dreams? Do you dream a lot?
I"ve been forgetful lately. I"ve been forgetful these days.
When is this due? *due“必须支付”、“支付期限到了”。日常生活中常使用带有 due 的表达方式。
Here"s the phone bill. (这是电话费通知单。) When is this due? (交费截止到什么时候?) When is the rent due? (房租截止到几号?) When is the paper due? (交论文的时间截止到几号?) When is the last day I can pay for this? How long is the pay period?
When do I have to pay this by? When does this have to be finished by?
交费日期截止到 30 号。
It"s due on the thirtieth.
Could you give me change? * change 也有“零钱”的意思。
Can you change this? Could I have change?
能帮我换开 100 日元吗?
Do you have change for one hundred yen? *change 除了“交换，兑换”的意思之外，还有“零钱，破开的钱”。
Do you have change for one hundred yen? (能帮我换开 100 日元吗?) Sure. (可以。) Can you change this? (能帮我破一下吗?) Can you break a one-hundred-yen bill? (能帮我破开 100 日元吗?) Can you break a hundred? I"d like to change a hundred-yen note. (我想破开 100 日元。) Here"s one hundred yen. Could I have change? (这是 100 日元，能帮我破开吗?)
我要存 5000 日元(在我的账户上。)
I need to deposit five thousand yen (in my savings account). *deposit“在银行存钱”。
savings account “账户，户头”。
I need to put ￥5,000 into the bank. 我要取 5000 日元(从我的账户上)。
I need to withdraw ￥5,000 (from my savings account). *withdraw“(从存款中)取出，拿出”。
I need to take out ￥5,000 from the bank.
I paid out of my own pocket. 直译是“从自己的口袋里拿出钱来支付。”是“自己掏腰包”的固定说法。
I"m out of cash.
I don"t have much money on me now. May I borrow some money? (能借点儿钱吗?) I don"t have much money on me now. (我现在没有多少现金。) I didn"t bring very much money with me. (我身上没带多少现金。) I"m a little short of money now. (我现在钱不够用。)
I"m broke. May I borrow ten dollars? (能借给我 10 美元吗?) Sorry, I"m broke. (对不起，我现在身无分文。) I have no money. I"m out of money. I"m flat broke. * 强调的说法。
I have a lot of money on me now. I brought a lot of money with me. (我带来了许多现金。) I"m rich now. (我现在很有钱。) I"m rolling in it. I have lots of cash on me.
I can"t afford to be lazy. *afford“有钱，有时间，有力量”、“有富余”。
I can"t afford to be idle. I don"t have time to be lazy.
What a waste! *waste “浪费，荒废，徒劳”。
He didn"t pay the debt and disappeared. *debt“借债，负债，有欠债的状态”。
He skipped town without paying his debt.